PolishForums - ARCHIVE   Poles in Poland and AbroadPolishForums Archive :
Archives / 2008 / Language / 4

Difference between 'to' and 'jest' when describing people



Lily Activity: 1 / 1
Joined: 10 Nov 2008 ♀
  13 Nov 2008 /  #1
Hello,

I wonder if someone can tell me... what is the diference in meaning between:

Kasia to mila nauczycielka

-and-

Kasia jest milą nauczycielką

(I've learnt that this one is the instrumental case, to be used with expressions like 'Jestem Polka' and 'Jestem Lekaerzem').

I'm Confused!

Thank you :)

Krzysztof Activity: 2 / 980
Joined: 26 Jul 2007 ♂
  13 Nov 2008 /  #2
Kasia to miła nauczycielka. - is totally OK, but it's considered more colloquial, so you shouldn't use it at school or university too much and rather choose the official version:
Kasia jest miłą nauczycielką.
but talking to your friends, you can safely use both (unless your friends are some freak language purists)

Lily Activity: 1 / 1
Joined: 10 Nov 2008 ♀
  13 Nov 2008 /  #3
Dziękuję Krysztof!

Michal2 Activity: - / 78
Joined: 30 Aug 2008 ♂
  16 Nov 2008 /  #4
Lily:

hat is the diference in meaning between:

The difference is that Kasia to miła nauczycielka is still in the nominative case because there is no verb such as the verb to be-być being employed in the present tense.

Archives / 2008 / Language /Archived