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Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 21, 2010, 11:34pm  #

ŚWIERDZA: Since so many different things have happened to Polish names, including many unique-case scenarios, there may be an off-chance that Świerdza may have originated centureis ago as a Polish peasant adaptation of Sforza.
More likely is its derivation from świerdziołek (dialectic for świderek) or even świerg -- a bird of the sparrow family (Anthus aquaticus).

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 22, 2010, 12:06am  #

Kusztelak: possibly from kosztela, a Polish variety of apple; kosztelak might have been someone raising or dealing in such apples and kusztelak would be a variant dialectic pronunciation
Sadowski: topo nick from Sadów or Sadowo (Orchardville)
Jasinski: topo nick from Jasin (Johnstown)
Prill, Pryla, Prylla: most likely from German name Prill or Brill but possibly also from Polish place-names Prylin or Pryłowo
Czaplewski: topo nick from Czaple; root-word czapla (crane), hence Cranton or Craneville
Görgel, Gergel: definitely Germanic but of obscure meaning; in peasant dialect Gör means a small child or brat; Gergel may contain the Old German root ger (spear) found in such names as Gerhard and Gerald.
Pacek, Pazek: diminutive of Lithuanian name Pac meaning little Pac or patronymic (Pac's son); Pazek is a German spelling of Pacek
Grzymski: patronymic nick from now obsolete first name Grzymisław or topo nick from Grzymki, Grzymisław, Grzymały, etc.
Wierzba: Indeed, this is the Polish word for willow.

onetimer   Apr 22, 2010, 02:54am  #

Thanks Polonious, I never knew Kusztelak had anything to do with apples but I find that very interesting. I assume Bartkowiak and Jankowiak have to do with sons of first names?
I have a few more I remembered:
Szulist or Schulist (German also?)
Stroik or Stroyk (also Kashubia)
Kasperzak (from first name?)

I really appreciate your help!

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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Joined: Apr 11, 2008
  ♂ Apr 22, 2010, 08:00am  #

Please note the qualifier ‘possibly’. The apple connection was simply one hypothesis, not a dogma. Back when most people were illiterate and handwriting was shaky, we cannot rule out that someone did not close the top of the letter ‘a’ in kasztelak and someone else copied it down as kusztelak. A kasztelak would be the son of someone (caretaker, gardener, handyman) attached to a castle-town (kasztel), maybe even the son of the castellan (kasztelan) himself.
Yes, BARTKOWIAK and JANKOWIAK are patronymic nicks meaning Bartson and Johnson respectively.
SZULIST: possibly from szul (Yiddish for Orthodox synagogue)
STROIK: friom stroić się (to dress in a fancy way), hence = fancy dresser
DOMOGAŁA: regional pronunciation of Domagała from domagać się (to demand); hence a demanding person
KASPERZAK: patronymic nick from Kasper (Casperson)
ICZEK: variant of Icek, endearing form of the Jewish name Izak (English: Isaac).
For information on a compelte custom-researched surname analysis please conact:

TomMarAlem1987 Threads: 1
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Joined: Apr 15, 2010
  ♂ Apr 22, 2010, 10:43am  #


1) Wożniak

2) Lech

3) Tusk

4) wiśniewski

małgorzata   Apr 22, 2010, 05:15pm  #

I would be very thankfull if you could say anything about surname Gurbała

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Edited by: Polonius3  Apr 22, 2010, 08:55pm  #

GURBAŁA: variant of Garbała (humpbacked person); synonyms include Garbus, Garbacz and others.

WOŹNIAK: patronymic nick = court crier's son

LECH: name of legendary founder of Poland; synonymous with Poland itself; Ukrainians contemptuously onced called Poles Lachy. Turks once called Poland Lechistan

TUSK: origin obscure; the current Polish PM claims to be a Kashub so maybe it means something in that dialect.

WIŚNIEWSKI: topo nick = guy from Wiśniewo (Cherryville)

toobusie Threads: -
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Joined: Apr 23, 2010
  ♀ Edited by: toobusie  Apr 23, 2010, 06:45am  #

From Konigshutte/Bismarckhutte the names Koch and Dobrainsky. What is known about these families?

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 23, 2010, 04:03pm  #

KOCH: occupation nick; German-Jewish for cook

DOBRIANSKY: the dobr- root means good, so thsi could be the rough equivalent of such English srunames as Goodwin, Goodman, Goodly, Goodson, etc.

KristenMH Threads: 2
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Joined: Mar 12, 2010
  ♀ Apr 23, 2010, 09:44pm  #

How about the name Wall? I didn't know this was a Polish name!

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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Joined: Apr 11, 2008
  ♂ Apr 24, 2010, 12:13am  #

WALL: As such this does not appear to be a name of Polish origin, although more than 300 people in Poland today use it. It could have originated as a short form of Wałach (Valachian= Rmanian shepherd) or such first names as Walenty and Walerian. The German word Wall means a rampart or embankment and as a loan-word it entered Polish as wał. Only 15 people sign themselves Wał.

kol14   Apr 24, 2010, 04:17am  #

whats the meaning of mazurkewich and bachur?

thanks :)

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 24, 2010, 07:23am  #

MAZURKIEWICZ: patronymic nikc = son of the Masurian

BACHUR: unruly, misbehaved child

krispy1298   Apr 24, 2010, 07:28pm  #

What is the meaning of Kęcki?

Please and Thanks!

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 25, 2010, 04:04am  #

KĘCKI: one of the toponymic nicks from Kęty (root-word kąt); hence Corners, Cornerville.
Variant from is Kącki.

yabw Threads: -
Posts: 3
Joined: Apr 25, 2010
  ♂ Apr 25, 2010, 05:09am  #

Gidday from australia.Could any one help with the meaning of the surname-GONTARSKI -CHEERS, stan

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 25, 2010, 10:14am  #

GONTARZ: shingler - someone who makes or fits roofing shingles: Gontarski is an adjectival derivative meaning of, about, descended from the shingler, in otehr words a patronymic nick meaning the shingler's son.

soilderofwar Threads: -
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Joined: Apr 27, 2010
  ♂ Apr 27, 2010, 05:10am  #

My last name is Shiminski, what does it mean?

soilderofwar Threads: -
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Joined: Apr 27, 2010
  ♂ Apr 27, 2010, 05:29am  #

is there anyway i can find my family crest or coat of arms?. My last name is shiminski, if someone could give me a link or a picture it would great. thanks

KristenMH Threads: 2
Posts: 15
Joined: Mar 12, 2010
  ♀ Apr 28, 2010, 01:27am  #

How about Folwarczny? I've heard that it comes from the German word "folwark," which supposedly means farmer, though I've heard other explanations. What do you think?

ms4545   Apr 28, 2010, 03:19am  #

Anyone know anything about the surnames "Skoryk" and "Wyskiel"?


yehudi Threads: 1
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Joined: Jul 27, 2008
  ♂ Apr 28, 2010, 03:53pm  #

BACHUR: unruly, misbehaved child

Bachur in Hebrew means young man. (Bachura means young woman).
Maybe it made its way to Polish through Yiddish, where it is pronounced "Bochur".

EAsMommy   Apr 28, 2010, 08:02pm  #

My last name is Lorkowski. Do you know what it means?

elliegirl Threads: -
Posts: 1
Joined: Apr 29, 2010
  ♀ Apr 29, 2010, 02:13am  #

Would anyone happen to know the meanings of the surnames:


I'm also trying to determine if they are also all of Polish origin. Andruszkow I believe is Ukrainian and the o would be ó at least so I was told. Any help is greatly appreciated.

RequiemInori Threads: -
Posts: 1
Joined: Apr 29, 2010
  ♂ Edited by: RequiemInori  Apr 29, 2010, 03:49am  #

What about the last name "Każimierski"?

Thank you in advance.

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 29, 2010, 07:33am  #

KAŹMIERSKI (note the accte accent over the ź, not a dot as in ż). It is also spelt Kazimeirski.
It may have originated as a patronymic (Casimir's son) or topopnymic nick (someone from Kaźmierz, Kaźmierzewo, Kazimierz, Kazimierówka, etc.)

leyenda Threads: -
Posts: 1
Joined: Apr 29, 2010
  ♀ Edited by: leyenda  Apr 29, 2010, 07:45am  #

I would like to know the background of my Polish last name: Kozlovitz

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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  ♂ Apr 29, 2010, 12:29pm  #

KOZŁOWICZ: patronymic nick meaning son of Kozioł (someone nicknamed Billy Goat); the spellign you gave could be tranliterated Cyrillic or Jewish.

Polonius3 Threads: 1,284
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Joined: Apr 11, 2008
  ♂ Edited by: Polonius3  Apr 29, 2010, 12:51pm  #

ŁATA: patch
PESTA: multiple possible sources: pesta (agumentative for fruit pit or stone; normal form pestka); pest or pęst (archaic term for a flower bud); peste (Italian for plague); Pest (one of the two cities forming Budapest)
PODHAJSKI: Ukrainian influenced pronunciation of Podgajski (someone living at the edge of the grove); Podchajski is a misspelling
ANDRUSZKOW: probably of Russian origin derived from Andrei (Andrew); Ukrainian would be Андрушків (Andruszkiw). In Poland both the Andruszków and Andruszkow spelling is used.
LORKOWSKI: probably topo nick from Lorki in Masuria. Masuria was an area of Polish-Gemran interaction, so someone with the first name Lorenz (Polish: Wawrzynieec) may have been called Lorek and that eventually eovlved into a surname. When the Lorek kids grew up and built a few homesetads next to one another, we had the nucelus of the fututre hamlet of Lorki. Hard to prove, but it makes a good story, innit?

selb   Apr 29, 2010, 08:33pm  #

Does "Beres" or "Ludera" mean anything to you?

thanks for the help...

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