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Polish & Prussian/German town name cross-reference.

Kent Activity: 4 / 6
Joined: 30 Mar 2008 ♂
11 Apr 2008  #1

Does any one know of a good cross reference for Polish towns that may have been renamed under Prussian/German occupation? I have found several town names on documents from that period that I can not find on todays maps. Either the towns no longers exist, changed their names or the document is using the Prussian/German name on the document.


Polonius3 Activity: 939 / 10,741
Joined: 11 Apr 2008 ♂
11 Apr 2008  #2

A partial lsit is found at:
OP Kent Activity: 4 / 6
Joined: 30 Mar 2008 ♂
11 Apr 2008  #3

Thanks Polonius3, this will be very helpful.
1 May 2010  #4

My great grandparents came from Prussia. Great Gr father last name was "Prain" probably prehn originally but don't know. His wife Great Gr mother last name was "Unka" maybe "Yonka" question:1. Are Prussians part Russian? 2. Is "Unka" a Russian name?3. How about "Prain"? 4. What are Prussians, part Polish, Russian and German? Appreciate any help Slovicgirl
skysoulmate Activity: 15 / 1,291
Joined: 10 Jan 2010 ♂
1 May 2010  #5

I'll just answer the Russian question...

Prussians are definitely not part Russians - if anything they're Germans.

It's a simplified answer as the original Prussians no longer exist. They were Baltic people related to the Lithuanians and Latvians (NOT Russians).

The region is pretty much split between Poland and Russia today but has been it's own country for many years and the capital was Königsberg which today is called Kaliningrad (Królewiec i Polish). For a very long time Prussia was also part of Germany. Confusing enough? Welcome to European history... ;)

Prussia is the English term. In Polish it's called Prusy and in German it's called Preußen.


Just check out this link below and maybe it'll help...
Trevek Activity: 27 / 1,694
Joined: 21 May 2008 ♂
1 May 2010  #6

This one is pretty good too.
Bratwurst Boy Activity: 5 / 7,948
Joined: 2 Apr 2007 ♂
1 May 2010  #7

Welcome to European history... ;)

AdamKadmon Activity: 2 / 521
Joined: 23 Apr 2010 ♂
1 May 2010  #8

There is a name of a tree which is purely polish, i.e. spruce, sonding 100% Polish and meaning literally coming form Prussia.

This is what about the word origin says etymology:

Spruce: lit. "from Prussia," from Spruce, Sprws (late 14c.). Spruce seems to have been a generic term for commodities brought to England by Hanseatic merchants (beer, board, leather, and the tree was believed to have come from Prussia.

Also in Norman Davies's book God's playground: a history of Poland
The name of the spruce tree is supposed to derive from the Polish words z Prus 'from Prussia'
29 Jan 2013  #9

Prussia is definitely NOT part of Russia. All Germans from Pommerania, East Prussia, West Prussia, Schlesien, and Brandenburg were called Prussians. Prussians are GERMAN.
ShortHairThug Activity: - / 1,099
Joined: 1 May 2009 ♂
29 Jan 2013  #10

The Baltic Prussians are long gone.
29 Mar 2015  #11

Anyone heard of a town named £ipsalde, Prussia. My great great grandfather was from there.
Yuri Andropov Activity: - / 1
Joined: 29 Mar 2015 ♂
29 Mar 2015  #12

Prussians are German? Not at all. There were many nationalities living in Prussia. Western Prussia areas were inhabited by Slavs. In current Eastern Germany toponyms literally scream-I used to be Slavic in the past.

Slavs were living on territories where today such cities like Berlin, Leipzig or Dresden exist.

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Polish & Prussian/German town name cross-reference.
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