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The martial law imposed multiple restrictions on freedom but didn`t suppress the aspirations of the nation. From 1981 to 1989 Solidarity led an underground activity and encouraged Poles to resist communism. Resistance, due to the regime`s brutality, was carried out in a peaceful way. E.g, the boycott of state TV.
TV NEWS OBJECTORS
It happened in 1982 in Świdnik, an industrial town in southern Poland, where people found many ways in which they expressed their disagreement with the regime`s policy. The disagreement which in fact, in conditions of totalitarian system, meant protest. Such nonviolent protest was something that communists couldn`t cope with.""One evening, just as the nightly television news came on, a Pole fed up with the daily dose of government propaganda got out of his chair, turned his TV set toward the window and went out for a stroll. No one in Swidnik, a factory town 100 miles southeast of Warsaw, claims to know just who made that first "news-walk," but within days almost the entire population of 30,000 began to crowd the tree-lined main street for an evening promenade during the 7:30 newscast. When local authorities clamped on a 7 o'clock curfew to counter the protest, the resourceful residents of Swidnik took a walk during the 5 o'clock news broadcast. Frustrated officials finally lifted the curfew, and after a month of newswalks, Swidnik's citizens decided they had made their point and stayed home-but not before their unique piece of resistance had spread to Olsztyn, Lublin, Bialystok, even Warsaw. Explained a Swidnik news-walker: "Every contact between the people and the authorities can be used to show dissatisfaction with martial law and everyone can do it in his own way."
Another way to demonstrate one`s attitude to communism was going to street demonstrations. They always ended in violent riots.
The most massive and biggest demonstrations took place on 31 August, 1982, to celebrate the 2nd anniversary of Solidarity. Hundreds of thousands people went out to streets, clashes lasted for many hours till night, several thousand were arrested, cities were totally tear gassed. In one case the police shot at people, killing 3. Such demonstrations, big or small, continued till 1989.
The riot police didn` t pity anyone. They were said to be drunk or sometimes even drugged.
See how the police attacks peaceful elderly people who attended the mass in the Old Town in Warsaw, 1983.
Krakow, Nowa Huta. See the gas attack on the crowd of demonstrators.
Walesa in the picture and V-sign meaning victory over communism.
A sudden attack on unexpecting women who have just put a floral cross on the ground in the site where John Paul II gave a sermon.
In 1982 the police used guns against demonstrators which were going home after a peaceful protest. 3 men were killed on the spot.On August 31, 1982, the communist regime perpetrated a crime in Lubin that shall forever remain in the hearts and minds of the townsmen as well as all Poles. Due to the actions of Civic Militia 3 people were fatally shot and other tens were wounded. The memory of the victims of the Martial Law is crucial for coming generations. The memory of Michał Adamowicz, Andrzej Trajkowski and Mieczysław Poźniak, all of whom were killed by the 'people's government', should never wane. The names of those whose decisions contributed to the killing of innocent people should also never be forgotten.
This is the best known photograph of the event - men are carrying a fatally wounded mate under gun fire. You must admit it is really shocking. It is a symbol of communist rule in Poland.
Temporary monument on the day after the killing.
Inhabitants of Lubin were indomitable. On the next day after the massacre they went out to streets again to protest against communist crimes.
Films from various protests and events of the martial law: